Тест 141. Чтение. ОГЭ по английскому языку

1) Вы проводите информационный поиск в ходе выполнения проектной работы. Определите, в каком из текстов A — F содержатся ответы на интересующие Вас вопросы 1 — 7. Один из вопросов останется без ответа.

1. What type of sports is short track speed skating?
2. What teams are the leaders in short track?
3. How did short track enter Olympics?
4. What equipment is necessary for short track events?
5. What is the brief history of short track speed skating?
6. What is the usual program of short-track competitions?
7. What are the principle rules of short track events?

A. As the close running makes collisions and falls inevitable, a hard shell helmet is a must. There are also knee and neck protectors. Special gloves protect skaters’ hands from blades and the ice on where the hand is placed to help maintain balance. Some skaters wear goggles to shield their eyes from wind, ice chips and glare. Skin-tight suits reduce wind resistance. Short track boots lace high up and are heavier to help stabilize the foot. Blades are very sharp and asymmetrical so as to make turns almost flat to the ice.

B. In the early days, long track champions raced in short track events, too. Primarily the sport was dominated by Canada and the USA. The teams from South Korea, China, Japan intruded later, followed by the recent favourites, the Dutch. For a long time Russia could boast of the only bronze Olympic medal in short track. Since the Sochi Olympics the Russian short track team has seriously improved.

C. Nowadays the discipline includes eight events. These are the same for both men and women: 500 m, 1000 m, 1500 m, 3000m, and the relay — a race between teams, with each team member in turn running part of the total distance. The last one makes 5000 m for men and 3000 m for women.

D. Short track is a form of ice speed skating. Unlike in long speed skating with two skaters running at a time, usually between four and six short trackers take part. The rink is the size of an ice hockey rink and gives a shorter track. Hence is the name. The races last between 40 seconds and two minutes. The skaters compete against the clock and against each other. This introduces the elements of strategy and bravery needed for racing.

E. The sport originated in the USA and Canada at the beginning of the previous century. Meanwhile it was gaining popularity in Great Britain, Japan, France, Belgium, and Australia. The countries competed among themselves some decades before the International Skating Union (ISU) officially launched the sport’s international competitions in 1970s.

F. The top two or three finishers in each round, called heat, advance to the next round of the competition. Hindered skaters may be allowed to move on. But disqualification is unavoidable for many reasons such as two false starts by a skater or not wearing the equipment properly. Skaters mustn’t contact each other with hands. Pushing, blocking and even giving another skater physical assistance is against the rules. Skaters mustn’t kick out, that is reach the lead foot out towards the finish line. Skating outside the designated track is also forbidden.