Тест 131. Чтение. ОГЭ по английскому языку

1) Установите соответствие между заголовками 1 — 8 и текстами A — G. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.

1. For the world children’s wellbeing
2. An international bill of rights
3. For equal rights
4. How it all began
5. A step towards peace
6. More forceful than before
7. To support or not?
8. An aggressive method

A. The modern women’s liberation movement began in the 1960’s. It was started by women who were concerned about their role in the society and their work. Many women want full equality with men in every aspect of life. In marriage, they want husbands and wives to share all the work and responsibilities of a home and a family. In work they want women and men to have the same jobs and the same chances to succeed. They want women to be paid just as much as men for the same work.

B. Many people agree with the ideas and aims of women’s liberation. They feel that women ought to be considered equal to men in every way. They feel that a woman should be able to decide to stay at home and raise a family or to stay at home and not raise a family or to go out and work or to have a job outside the home and family as well. Other people are opposed to women’s liberation.

C. United Nation’s Children’s Fund (UNICEF) country programmes were formulated in consultations with governments. They include cooperation with people from all parts of society including government agencies, non-governmental organizations, community leaders, teachers, parents and children. More than 130 countries receive UNICEF support for primary health care, food, basic education and water and sanitation programmes.

D. Terrorism is the systematic use of terror or unpredictable violence against governments, the public or individuals to achieve a political aim. Terrorism has been used by political organization, by nationalistic and ethnic groups, by revolutionaries and by the armies and secret police of governments themselves. In the 20th century terrorism became the trait of a number of political movements, groups or even individuals who were trying to destabilize or overthrow existing political institutions.

E. Modern terrorism differs from that of the past because its victims are often innocent people who are just picked up by chance or who simply happen to get into terrorist situations. Violent acts often include kidnappings, assassinations, hijackings, bombing, etc. The universal availability of weapons, explosives, complicated devices along with the global communication revolution adds to the terrorisms’ capabilities.

F. In 1945, leaders from fifty-one countries met in San-Francisco and organized the United Nations. World War II has just ended, millions of people had died and there was destruction everywhere. People hoped they could build a future of world peace with this new organization. Today almost every country in the world is a member of the UN. Each country has signed an agreement that says it will help the UN in its actions or international peace and human rights to all people. It also says that all members promise to solve international problems in a peaceful way, and no member will use force against another member.

G. Universal Declaration of Human Rights is a resolution adopted in December 1948 by the United Nations General Assembly. The objective of the 30-article declaration is to promote and encourage respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. The declaration proclaims the personal, civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights of humans which are limited only by recognition for the rights and freedoms of others and the requirements of morality, public order and general welfare.