1) Установите соответствие между заголовками 1 — 8 и текстами A — G. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний. 1.
Bad smelling but attractive2.
Fit and active3.
Very much isolated5.
A bit of history6.
A mixture of cultures7.
Diversity of nature8.
Met nowhere elseA.
New Zealand is a country of islands located in the Pacific Ocean. The North Island and the South Island are the main ones, and there are numbers of small ones, some of which are hundreds of kilometers from the main islands. The country’s nearest neighbour is Australia, which lies more than 1,600 km northwest of New Zealand. It’s never very hot or very cold in New Zealand because it is surrounded by water. Summer and winter temperatures in most places differ by less than 10 ЧС.B.
New Zealand has another name, Aotearoa, which means ‘the land of the long white cloud’ in Maori language. The first Maori settled in New Zealand about a thousand years ago. They came from Polynesia and were excellent sailors and warriors. When the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman came to New Zealand in 1642, Maori warriors fought off his sailors and he was unable to land! It was Abel Tasman who gave the country its present name. Zeeland means ‘Sea Land’ in Dutch.C.
New Zealand has got it all — snowcapped mountains, sleeping and active volcanoes, fast-flowing rivers, green forests and peaceful lakes with crystal clear water. You can spend a whole day by some lake or river and be the only person there. There are places in this beautiful land that have never felt a human footstep.D.
The isolation of New Zealand from other lands allowed the survival of animals and plants from the time of the dinosaurs. Ancient tree ferns, plants that produce spores rather than seeds, and primitive relatives of pine trees still grow in the forests. The ancient silver fern can be found only in New Zealand. It can be 10 metres high or more! Many sports teams in New Zealand use this plant as an emblem.E.
With its mild climate and a lot of rivers, lakes and mountains, New Zealand is a great place for sports. Thrill-seekers can go surfing, diving, rafting, mountain biking and so on. Zorbing and bungee jumping, two of the most exciting sports in the world, were invented in New Zealand. New Zealand is also one of the leading nations in world yachting, especially open-water long distance or round-the-world races.F.
New Zealand is a land of volcanoes. Most of them are sleeping, but some are active and you can see steam and smoke coming from them! The largest and most active volcano is the White Island volcano. The whole place smells of rotten eggs, and you can hear a roaring sound — like the growl of a living creature — coming from beneath the ground. The White Island volcano last erupted — without warning — in 2000. In spite of the terrible smell it is a popular tourist attraction. Walking through the crater is like being on another planet!G.
In New Zealand you can find English and Maori things together, and this often seems funny or surprising to visitors. English is the main language, although Maori is an official language, too. On Christmas Day New Zealanders often have a Maori hangi: they dig a hole in the ground and heat it with hot stones. Then they put meat and vegetables into this hole, cover it and let the food cook inside. After the meal they sit around and sing Christmas carols.