Чтение. ОГЭ по английскому
Установите соответствие между заголовками 1 — 8 и текстами A — G. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний. 1.
Just to keep the students healthy2.
The official languages3.
Available only in winter4.
Wiped from our memory5.
The nominal head of the country6.
Summer alternative to hockey7.
A linguistic mistake8.
The real prototype of a fairytale characterA.
The history of invention in Canada has followed a long and noble path. Canadian inventors have patented more than one million inventions, which are used by people around the world. They thought up the electric light bulb, the electric stove, the electric wheelchair, standard time, the modern zipper and the first snowmobile. Yet few people can remember more than one or two Canadian inventors.B.
The country has two national sports: lacrosse as the country’s national summer sport, and ice hockey as the national winter sport. While Ice Hockey is Canada’s most widespread sport, Lacrosse is the country’s official sport. Lacrosse is played with 20 players on a grass field, 10 players on each side. The players use long-handled lacrosse sticks with a loose net on the head to catch, carry and pass the small rubber ball. Lacrosse is greatly enjoyed by Canadians and has gained popularity in other countries, too.C.
Basketball is unusual in that it was created by one person. In early December 1891, Dr. James Naismith, a Canadian physical education professor at McGill University, proposed a dynamic indoor game to keep his students at a proper level of fitness during the long New England winters. He wrote the basic rules and nailed a peach basket onto a 3.05 m elevated track. In contrast with modern basketball nets, this peach basket did not have a hole in the bottom. Nowadays basketball is played all over the world.D.
In the beginning of the 20th century, a black bear cub from Canada named Winnipeg was given to London Zoo. Soon the bear became one of the most popular attractions at the zoo. Winnie, as she was called in London, became a favourite of Christopher Robin Milne and inspired his father, A. A. Milne, to write a book about a bear, named Winnie the Pooh, and his friend, Christopher Robin.E.
Every year, Quebec City has an Ice Hotel. The hotel melts in the summer, but is rebuilt every winter. The name Ice Hotel isn’t an exaggeration. Everything inside the hotel is made of ice. The hotel’s cafe has tables and chairs made of ice, and even glasses made of ice. The rooms are like little snow caves, windowless, with curtains instead of a door. Before spending a night in the Ice Hotel, guests must sit through a special seminar on how to not get frostbite while they sleep.F.
When Jacques Cartier, a French explorer, came to the New World in the 16th century, he met with local natives. They invited him and his companions to their kanata (the word for village or settlement in their language). Cartier misunderstood, and believed the natives were referring to the entire country as Kanata. So, he named the new country as Kanata. Nowadays we call it Canada.G.
Canada is formally a constitutional monarchy, with the British monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, as the supreme governor of the state. Canada passed back and forth between French and British monarchs over the centuries before becoming an independent nation. The queen no longer rules Canada, but she still plays a significant role in the government and in Canada’s national identity, and appears prominently on Canadian currency.
Заголовок 4 (Wiped from our memory. — Стерто из нашей памяти) соответствует содержанию текста A: «Yet few people can remember more than one or two Canadian inventors.»
Заголовок 6 (Summer alternative to hockey. — Летняя альтернатива хоккею) соответствует содержанию текста B: «... lacrosse as the country’s national summer sport, and ice hockey as the national winter sport.»
Заголовок 1 (Just to keep the students healthy. — Просто чтобы студенты были здоровы) соответствует содержанию текста C: «... proposed a dynamic indoor game to keep his students at a proper level of fitness...»
Заголовок 8 (The real prototype of a fairytale character. — Настоящий прототип сказочного персонажа) соответствует содержанию текста D: «Winnie, as she was called in London, became a favourite of Christopher Robin Milne...»
Заголовок 3 (Available only in winter. — Доступен только зимой) соответствует содержанию текста E: «The hotel melts in the summer, but is rebuilt every winter.»
Заголовок 7 (A linguistic mistake. — Лингвистическая ошибка) соответствует содержанию текста F: «Cartier misunderstood, and believed the natives were referring to the entire country as Kanata.»
Заголовок 5 (The nominal head of the country. — Именной глава страны) соответствует содержанию текста G: «Canada is formally a constitutional monarchy, with the British monarch, Queen Elizabeth II...»
Источник: ОГЭ–2018. Английский язык: 10 типовых экзаменационных вариантов. Под ред. Н. Н. Трубаневой.
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