Чтение. ОГЭ по английскому
Вы проводите информационный поиск в ходе выполнения проектной работы. Определите, в каком из текстов A — F содержатся ответы на интересующие Вас вопросы 1 — 7. Один из вопросов останется без ответа.1.
What are the motives for this new phenomenon?2.
What else are cyberbullies capable of apart from banal aggressiveness?3.
What is the purpose of holding National No Bullying Month?4.
What is the only way to stop them?5.
Who can be attacked by cyberbullies?6.
How are real-life bullies different from cyberbullies?7.
How has bullying changed in our internet-enabled world?A.
Just as the previous generation was raised in front of televisions, adolescents at the turn of the 21st century are being raised in an internet-enabled world. Almost every teen has access to the internet nowadays and most of them have a mobile phone. So it is not surprising that cyberbullying, or bullying through new technologies, has appeared. Experts now believe that the sites that kids get bullied on are endless: ask.fm, Snapchat, Vine, ect. Cyberbullying happens every day, since teens use the Internet regularly and sometimes uncontrollably.B.
Cyberbullies do not resemble typical bullies, who are often dominant. They may be less dominant which makes them completely different from real-life bullies. These results prove that online bullies are a different group of troublemakers. Cyber bullies do not have to be tough to be able to bully. They abuse their victims hiding behind their computer screens and attack them through social networking rather than face-to-face or telephone communication.C.
Unfortunately, a small but growing proportion of people are being exposed online to interpersonal violence, aggression via cyberbullying. Even though cyberspace seems perfect for bullying by strangers, many cyberbullies are their victims’ classmates, friends, and schoolmates. Cyberbullies are more often boys, while cybervictims are girls. Even well-liked celebrities can be targeted by cyberbullies. Tom Daley, the British Olympic diver, was abused online. His father died during the 2012 Olympic Games and Tom received some very cruel tweets about this.D.
When the researchers interviewed teenagers on their experiences with cyberbullying, they mentioned competition between friends and jealousy as common motives. A revenge motive was also among them. Friends or romantic couples thought of punishing those who had done something to harm them after the break-up of their relationship. Entertainment and the need for resources were less often mentioned.E.
Cyberbullying is often abuse through emails, instant messages, text messages or other modes of electronic communication. This includes name-calling, lying about people to spoil their reputation. The bully may even steal the victim’s password, hack his/her accounts, and send embarrassing messages to others or make expensive purchases.F.
Anti-bullying activists say, “Never be bullied into silence.” The 21st century online bullying can be extremely dangerous and damaging to the emotional and physical development of youths because it opens up its victims to 24-hour humiliation. Only lout of 10 victims of cyberbullying tells a trusted adult or a parent about their abuse. This means that the rest of them silently suffer from deep depression. A cybervictim usually turns into a different person who starts doing badly at school. Until our society recognizes cyberbullying as a serious crime, the suffering of thousands of silent victims will continue.
В тексте A содержится ответ на вопрос 7 (How has bullying changed in our internet-enabled world? — Как издевательства изменились в нашем мире Интернета?): «So it is not surprising that cyberbullying, or bullying through new technologies...»
В тексте B содержится ответ на вопрос 6 (How are real-life bullies different from cyberbullies? — Чем настоящие хулиганы отличаются от кибер-хулиганов?): «Cyberbullies do not resemble typical bullies, who are often dominant. They may be less dominant...»
В тексте C содержится ответ на вопрос 5 (Who can be attacked by cyberbullies? — Кого могут атаковать кибер-хулиганы?): «... many cyberbullies are their victims’ classmates, friends, and schoolmates.»
В тексте D содержится ответ на вопрос 1 (What are the motives for this new phenomenon? — Каковы мотивы этого нового явления?): «... they mentioned competition between friends and jealousy as common motives.»
В тексте E содержится ответ на вопрос 2 (What else are cyberbullies capable of apart from banal aggressiveness? — На что еще способны кибер-хулиганы, кроме банальной агрессивности?): «This includes name-calling, lying about people to spoil their reputation.»
В тексте F содержится ответ на вопрос 4 (What is the only way to stop them? — Каков единственный способ их остановить?): «Anti-bullying activists say, “Never be bullied into silence.”»
Источник: ОГЭ 2020. Английский язык. Тренировочные варианты. К. А. Громова, О. В. Вострикова и др.
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