Чтение. ОГЭ по английскому
Установите соответствие между заголовками 1 — 8 и текстами A — G. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний. 1.
An independent project2.
Loved by everyone4.
What’s the connection?5.
A noble deed7.
A new brand8.
A true friendA.
Today we can hardly imagine our world without this eager listener and loyal friend, the teddy bear. But how did he come into creation? Why is it called Teddy? Why not Harry or Joe or Jane? The story goes back to 1902, when Theodore Roosevelt was President of the United States. The President was called Theodore, but the press and the people fondly called him Teddy. He didn’t like the name, but accepted it. It made him seem more informal to the people he served.B.
In November 1902, President Roosevelt, visiting Mississippi, decided to go out hunting for the day. After several hours he still hadn’t had anything. Then one of his helpers discovered a lost bear cub wandering through the woods. Catching it, he tied it to a tree — here was the President’s trophy for the day! But Roosevelt couldn’t bring himself to shoot the cub, and ordered it to be set free.C.
The newspapers were filled with cartoons depicting him with a bear. The story became legend. The cartoon was seen by Mr. and Mrs. Michtom, who owned a candy store in New York. Using one of the cartoons as a guide they quickly made a little toy bear cub. They put it in their shop window with a handwritten notice saying ‘Teddy’s Bear’.D.
The Bear was such a hit with the public that the Michtoms designed and produced a bear to be presented to the White House, accompanying a request to use the President’s name for their toy bears. Roosevelt gladly gave his permission. The rest is history! The Bears sold like wildfire, and within a year, the Michtoms closed their candy store, and founded the Ideal Novelty and Toy Co — still one of the biggest toy firms in the world.E.
Meanwhile across the ocean, in Germany Richard Steiff was working for his aunt, Margaret Steiff, in her toy business. Richard, a former art student often visited the Stuttgart Zoo to draw animals. In 1902, the Steiff firm made a toy bear based on Richard’s designs. This bear first appeared at the 1903 Spring Toy Fair at Leipzig, but nobody seemed interested. It was only as Richard was packing away the stand at the end of the fair, that an American toy buyer, who knew about the growing interest in ‘Teddy’s bears’ in the States, came up to him and ordered 3000 bears to sell them in the US.F.
Within a few years of invention, Teddy Bear-mania had swept the world. In America, society ladies carried their teddies everywhere, and children had their pictures taken with their favourite toys. Roosevelt adopted the bear cub as his mascot for a successful re-election campaign.G.
Since then the Teddy Bear has become popular all over the world. It is courageous, wise and peaceful, and always willing to listen — a true comforter in times of trouble. Over the years, the toy has taken many shapes and varieties, but it remains a teddy bear, named after a president who wouldn’t kill a bear cub on a hunting trip.
Заголовок 4 (What’s the connection? — Какая связь?) соответствует содержанию текста A: «The President was called Theodore, but the press and the people fondly called him Teddy.»
Заголовок 6 (A noble deed. — Благородный поступок) соответствует содержанию текста B: «But Roosevelt couldn’t bring himself to shoot the cub, and ordered it to be set free.»
Заголовок 5 (Inventive people. — Изобретательные люди) соответствует содержанию текста C: «Using one of the cartoons as a guide they quickly made a little toy bear cub.»
Заголовок 7 (A new brand. — Новый бренд) соответствует содержанию текста D: «... and founded the Ideal Novelty and Toy Co — still one of the biggest toy firms in the world.»
Заголовок 1 (An independent project. — Независимый проект) соответствует содержанию текста E: «In 1902, the Steiff firm made a toy bear based on Richard’s designs.»
Заголовок 3 (Loved by everyone. — Любимый всеми) соответствует содержанию текста F: «Within a few years of invention, Teddy Bear-mania had swept the world.»
Заголовок 8 (A true friend. — Настоящий друг) соответствует содержанию текста G: «It is courageous, wise and peaceful, and always willing to listen — a true comforter in times of trouble.»
Источник: ОГЭ-2019. 30 тренировочных вариантов. Л. М. Гудкова, О. В. Терентьева
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