Задание №12071.
Чтение. ОГЭ по английскому

Установите соответствие между заголовками 1 — 8 и текстами A — G. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.

1. А small but important country
2. Sights for the brave
3. Mind your driving
4. You’ll never get bored
5. Difficult to predict
6. Traditional industries
7. Keeping the balance in nature
8. Helpful assistants

A. The history of Scotland is rich and varied, but most people would also describe it as violent and bloody. Scotland's history appears to be just an endless list of battles between the Scottish clans and their close neighbours, the English. But if you look carefully at the history of Scotland, you will be surprised by the great influence that this small nation has had upon the development of Western civilization.

B. Of all the scary places in Scotland, the castles provide us with the most terrifying stories. You need courage to visit them. The castles are known for numerous murders and cases of violent death. Edinburgh castle is at the top of the list. According to the legend, there is the ghost of a headless drummer and the ghost of a piper, whose music can be heard even above the noise of Edinburgh's traffic.

C. To decide on what to wear for a walk can be a challenge in Scotland! This tiny country is surrounded by so much water that Scottish weather can change at any moment. In fact, sometimes you feel as though you've experienced three (or even all four) seasons in just one day! This may explain why Scots are fascinated by the weather, and follow daily weather reports very closely.

D. Scotland has 30,000 miles of roads. Travelling around Scotland by car can be challenging for foreign visitors. When travelling by car, tourists should be very careful. When they see something they wish to look at, they mustn't slow down as they could be hit by the car behind. Tourists should also remember that Scottish motorways have a speed limit of 70 miles per hour.

E. There are many breeds of Scottish dogs. One of the most famous is the Collie or Scotch collie that comes from the Scottish highlands. It has been bred for many years to help shepherds. Some people say the name Collie comes from the Gaelic word for useful. The Collie is a dog that can do many jobs. The Collie can guard property as well as search for a missing chicken or drive sheep. The dogs can be taught how to open doors and gates.

F. Scotland is a country where tourism offers visitors an opportunity to enjoy nature at its best. As you explore the Scottish countryside, be sure to look out for Daubenton's bats. These tiny creatures with funny short ears weigh from 7 to 11 grams, but they are vital for the ecosystem as they keep insect populations in check, eating lots of small insects every day.

G. For active and curious people there is a lot to do in the Scottish Highlands! You can explore castles and visit museums. The famous Loch Ness is situated here and you'll find ancient castles, which can be visited. If you like something more adventurous, you might try horse riding, mountain biking, kayaking and sailing. There is no end of things to do in the Highlands, so you can be sure you'll enjoy yourself there.

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Решение:
Заголовок 1 (А small but important country. — Маленькая, но важная страна) соответствует содержанию текста A: «... you will be surprised by the great influence that this small nation...»

Заголовок 2 (Sights for the brave. — Достопримечательности для смелых) соответствует содержанию текста B: «You need courage to visit them.»

Заголовок 5 (Difficult to predict. — Трудно предсказать) соответствует содержанию текста C: «To decide on what to wear for a walk can be a challenge in Scotland!»

Заголовок 3 (Mind your driving. — Следите за своим вождением) соответствует содержанию текста D: «When travelling by car, tourists should be very careful.»

Заголовок 8 (Helpful assistants. — Полезные помощники) соответствует содержанию текста E: «It has been bred for many years to help shepherds.»

Заголовок 7 (Keeping the balance in nature. — Сохранение баланса на природе) соответствует содержанию текста F: «These tiny creatures ..., but they are vital for the ecosystem...»

Заголовок 4 (You’ll never get bored. — Тебе никогда не будет скучно) соответствует содержанию текста G: «For active and curious people there is a lot to do in the Scottish Highlands!»

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Источник: ФИПИ. Открытый банк тестовых заданий
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