Задание №11838.
Чтение. ОГЭ по английскому

Вы проводите информационный поиск в ходе выполнения проектной работы. Определите, в каком из текстов A — F содержатся ответы на интересующие Вас вопросы 1 — 7. Один из вопросов останется без ответа.

1. How did the valuable present from South Africa get to England?
2. What animal is the symbol of South Africa?
3. How many years can the African giant plant live?
4. Why is the flag of South Africa so colourful?
5. What measures do the authorities take to save endangered animals?
6. How many names has the country got?
7. Why was state power divided between three places?

A. The Republic of South Africa is a country located at the southern tip of Africa and is washed by the Atlantic and the Indian oceans. It is sometimes called the Rainbow Nation because there are so many different cultural traditions. The Rainbow Nation includes 38 million black South Africans, 5 million whites, 3.5 million people of mixed race and 1.5 million people of Asian origin. The colours of the rainbow can now be seen on the flag of the state.

B. Unlike most other countries around the world, South Africa has not one but three capital cities. More precisely, the government branches are divided among the major South African cities: Pretoria, Cape Town, and Bloemfontein. When creating the state, it was decided that if the government was in one place, that place could have more influence and political control.

C. The majority of the population can speak and understand English which is the language of business, politics and the media in South Africa. Most citizens know three or more languages. In total, there are eleven official languages in South Africa. So there are eleven official names for the country, one for each different language.

D. Today South Africa maintains its position as a major diamond producer. The largest diamond, Cullinan, was found in 1905. The Government decided to present the diamond to King Edward VII for his birthday. However, it was a problem to find a safe way to deliver such an expensive diamond to London. It was decided to place a fake diamond on a steamboat to attract those who would be interested in stealing it. The actual diamond was sent to England in a plain box via parcel post, though registered.

E. It is a sad truth but the population of African rhinos is getting smaller. Though using rhino horns for medicine has been illegal since 1993, this hasn’t stopped people killing this rare animal simply for the horn. To prevent rhino extinction, their horns are covered with a special toxin that does not harm the animal. But it is designed in such a way that any product (powder, tea or cream) that is made from the poisoned horn will taste bitter or will cause burns. It can also be seen in airport scanners.

F. Baobabs, the largest trees in the world, grow in South Africa. The baobab is called ‘The Tree of Life’. It provides food, water and shelter to people, animals and birds. All the parts of the baobab are used for different purposes. For example, its fruit, called ‘monkey bread’, is full of vitamin C. Baobabs live up to five thousand years and reach a trunk diameter of twenty-five meters!

ТекстABCDEF
Вопрос      


Решение:
В тексте A содержится ответ на вопрос 4 (Why is the flag of South Africa so colourful? — Почему флаг ЮАР такой красочный?): «The colours of the rainbow can now be seen on the flag of the state.»

В тексте B содержится ответ на вопрос 7 (Why was state power divided between three places? — Почему государственная власть была разделена между тремя местами?): «When creating the state, it was decided that if the government was in one place, that place could have more influence and political control.»

В тексте C содержится ответ на вопрос 6 (How many names has the country got? — Сколько имен у страны?): «So there are eleven official names for the country, one for each different language.»

В тексте D содержится ответ на вопрос 1 (How did the valuable present from South Africa get to England? — Как ценный подарок из Южной Африки попал в Англию?): «The Government decided to present the diamond to King Edward VII for his birthday.»

В тексте E содержится ответ на вопрос 5 (What measures do the authorities take to save endangered animals? — Какие меры принимают власти для спасения исчезающих животных?): «To prevent rhino extinction, their horns are covered with a special toxin that does not harm the animal.»

В тексте F содержится ответ на вопрос 3 (How many years can the African giant plant live? — Сколько лет может прожить африканский гигантский завод?): «Baobabs live up to five thousand years and reach a trunk diameter of twenty-five meters!»

Правильный ответ: 476153.

Источник: ФИПИ. Открытый банк тестовых заданий
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